Our day in Chincero started at the Urabamba River and the Andes peak of Veronica as the background

Urubamba River

Snow capped Veronica

Our first stop was a small village that specialized in the ancient ways of manufacturing textiles.  The demonstrations were well orchestrated for tourists, but was very interesting none-the-less.

The process starts with wool sheered from the sheep, llamas, or alpaca.  The wool is cleaned using water and the shavings from a common root.  Then the wool is spun into yarn using a device that is similar to a top.  Usually when the women are doing this they are doing something else at the same time too.

Spinning the wool

Depending on the desired color, a number of sources of die are used.

Many natural sources of dye

The dye and yarn are mixed with boiling water.  Depending on the color the yarn is left in the die for 30 minutes to 4 hours.

Dyed yarn after a few seconds

As you can see nearly any color is possible.

A wide variety of colors

Different color yarn is strung together on something that resembles a loom.

Starting the weaving process

The process is repeated in such a way that the desired pattern is created.

Creating the pattern

Not only are the patterns precise, but the pattern is reversed on the other side.

Behind the textile village is a very interesting site.  Originally it was an Incan site.  However, during the colonial times the Spanish took it over and built a church on top of it.  Today it retains history of both periods.

Like many Peruvian towns the church is located at the main town square – Plaza de Armas

Town square with church in background

From the square you can see the remnants of several Incan terraces.

Notice the two different style of stones and stone shapes.  This is a result of work that the Spanish did on top of the original Incan walls.

The top most terrace is being actively used.  At this moment, the soil has been turned and is being left to rest before planting potatoes.

Just outside the church grounds there is a “parental” rock that was used for ceremonial purposes.

The flat spots serve as “tables” for solstice and other ceremonies.

We encountered another large rock that had interesting shapes cut into the underside of it.

These faced the sun and create an image of significance during the solstice.

We finished the day with a 5 mile hike down through the valley.


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